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Technological Advances in Plant Innovation and the Dynamics of Intellectual Property Law
Temmuz 2018 / 1. Baskı / 276 Syf.
Fiyatı: 74.00 TL
Stokta var (24 saatte kargoya verilir).
 
Sepete Ekle
   

Many observers refer to today's global economy as one in transited to a ‘knowledge economy' and en route to the knowledge-based Bio-Economy. Rapid transition to a knowledge-based bioeconomy has significant implications for range of issues critical to the sustainability of agriculture, eco-systems and economic growth. Hence, potentials of plants as a technology platform is increasingly being explored so are the socio-ecological impacts.

Today's plant biotechnology industry produces intellectual property as its manufactured goods and advances in biological sciences raised the private value of the plant genetic resources. However, much uncertainty remains about the ability to adopt the existing Intellectual Property framework to changed circumstances of post 19th century. This uncertainty raises questions into both the limitations of technology neutral principles of the patent system and the effectiveness of industry specific modifications.

This book provides legal scholars, attorneys, industry representatives, law reformers, and legislative advocates with a more nuanced and comprehensive understanding of the Intellectual Property law framework for plant innovation. The book also offers new understanding of the relationship between patent and plant variety protection system, as well as the two systems' strengths and limitations in terms of their implications on innovative activity.

Konu Başlıkları
Trajectory of Developments in Plant Innovation and IP Protection
Existing IP Law Framework for Plant Innovation
Key Legal Challenges and Responses
Barkod: 9789750249280
Yayın Tarihi: Temmuz 2018
Baskı Sayısı:  1
Ebat: 16x24
Sayfa Sayısı: 276
Yayınevi: Seçkin Yayıncılık
Kapak Türü: Karton Kapaklı
Dili: İngilizce
Ekler: -

 

İÇİNDEKİLER
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements  7
Abstract  9
List of Figures and Tables  15
Table of Authorities  17
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations  23
Definitions of Central Terms  25
INTRODUCTION  31
i. Background of the Research  31
ii. Research Objectives  44
iii. Methodology and Structure  47
1. Chapter I  48
2. Chapter II  49
3. Chapter III  50
iv. Sources  50
CHAPTER I
Trajectory of Developments in Plant Innovation and
IP Protection
A. Trajectory of Developments in Plant Innovation  51
i. The Key Characteristics of Plant Innovation  52
1. Cumulative  53
2. Path Dependent  54
3. Sequential  55
ii. Paradigm of Phenotype  55
iii. Paradigm Shift from Phenotype to Genotype  58
iv. Molecular Breeding Era  61
v. Nanoscale Breeding and Plants as Genetic Datasets  70
B. Trajectory of Developments in IP Protection  73
i. Institutional Shifts in Plant Breeding  73
ii. Advent of Plant Variety Protection  78
iii. Advent of Patent Protection  84
CHAPTER II
Existing IP Law Framework for Plant Innovation
A. Key Differences between Plant Variety Protection and Patent Protection  87
i. Farmers as User–innovators and Farm–saved Seed Exemption  91
ii. Comparative Analysis of Farm–saved Seed Exemption  98
iii. Breeder’s Exemption and Essentially Derived Variety  108
B. Intellectual Property Protection for Plant Innovation: Comparative Analysis  112
i. Liberal Approach  114
Australia  114
Japan  116
South Korea  117
United States  118
ii. Modified Approach  119
Canada  119
European Union  119
iii. Minimum Standards Provided by TRIPs  121
Argentina  122
Brazil  122
China  123
India  123
Mexico  124
Main Findings  124
C. Trends in Intellectual Property Protection for Plant Innovation  125
i. Trends in Patent Protection  125
ii. Trends in UPOV Model Plant Variety Protection  134
D. Empirical Analysis of the Incentive Effects of IP Protection  140
i. Incentive Effects on Agricultural Productivity Growth, Private Investment and R&D  141
ii. Incentive Effects on Foreign Direct Investment and Trade  155
Main Findings  161
CHAPTER III
Key Legal Challenges and Responses
A. Patent Law: Doctrinal Difficulties and Fluxes in the Formulations  163
i. Reconfiguration of the Invention  169
ii. Revisiting ‘Products of Nature’ Doctrine in the Biotech Era  173
iii. Distinguishing the ‘Essentially’ Biological Process in the Biotech Era  182
iv. Preion for the Product of Nature Doctrine: isolating and replicating natural to produce ‘unnatural’  188
v. Anything Under the Sun Made by Man that is ‘Markedly Different’  194
B. Co–Existence of PVP System and Patent Protection  202
i. Distinction between overlapping protection and premise of mutual exclusiveness  202
ii. De facto Overlaps between Patent and Plant Variety Protection Systems  206
Conclusion  211
Bibliography  235
 


Ahmet Emir Aladağ
Temmuz 2020
45.00 TL
Sepete Ekle
Beste Bulut
Temmuz 2020
55.00 TL
Sepete Ekle
Tekin Memiş
Haziran 2020
120.00 TL
Sepete Ekle





 

İÇİNDEKİLER
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements  7
Abstract  9
List of Figures and Tables  15
Table of Authorities  17
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations  23
Definitions of Central Terms  25
INTRODUCTION  31
i. Background of the Research  31
ii. Research Objectives  44
iii. Methodology and Structure  47
1. Chapter I  48
2. Chapter II  49
3. Chapter III  50
iv. Sources  50
CHAPTER I
Trajectory of Developments in Plant Innovation and
IP Protection
A. Trajectory of Developments in Plant Innovation  51
i. The Key Characteristics of Plant Innovation  52
1. Cumulative  53
2. Path Dependent  54
3. Sequential  55
ii. Paradigm of Phenotype  55
iii. Paradigm Shift from Phenotype to Genotype  58
iv. Molecular Breeding Era  61
v. Nanoscale Breeding and Plants as Genetic Datasets  70
B. Trajectory of Developments in IP Protection  73
i. Institutional Shifts in Plant Breeding  73
ii. Advent of Plant Variety Protection  78
iii. Advent of Patent Protection  84
CHAPTER II
Existing IP Law Framework for Plant Innovation
A. Key Differences between Plant Variety Protection and Patent Protection  87
i. Farmers as User–innovators and Farm–saved Seed Exemption  91
ii. Comparative Analysis of Farm–saved Seed Exemption  98
iii. Breeder’s Exemption and Essentially Derived Variety  108
B. Intellectual Property Protection for Plant Innovation: Comparative Analysis  112
i. Liberal Approach  114
Australia  114
Japan  116
South Korea  117
United States  118
ii. Modified Approach  119
Canada  119
European Union  119
iii. Minimum Standards Provided by TRIPs  121
Argentina  122
Brazil  122
China  123
India  123
Mexico  124
Main Findings  124
C. Trends in Intellectual Property Protection for Plant Innovation  125
i. Trends in Patent Protection  125
ii. Trends in UPOV Model Plant Variety Protection  134
D. Empirical Analysis of the Incentive Effects of IP Protection  140
i. Incentive Effects on Agricultural Productivity Growth, Private Investment and R&D  141
ii. Incentive Effects on Foreign Direct Investment and Trade  155
Main Findings  161
CHAPTER III
Key Legal Challenges and Responses
A. Patent Law: Doctrinal Difficulties and Fluxes in the Formulations  163
i. Reconfiguration of the Invention  169
ii. Revisiting ‘Products of Nature’ Doctrine in the Biotech Era  173
iii. Distinguishing the ‘Essentially’ Biological Process in the Biotech Era  182
iv. Preion for the Product of Nature Doctrine: isolating and replicating natural to produce ‘unnatural’  188
v. Anything Under the Sun Made by Man that is ‘Markedly Different’  194
B. Co–Existence of PVP System and Patent Protection  202
i. Distinction between overlapping protection and premise of mutual exclusiveness  202
ii. De facto Overlaps between Patent and Plant Variety Protection Systems  206
Conclusion  211
Bibliography  235
 


 
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