Kategoriler
Eser Adı Yazar Yayınevi Açıklama İçindekiler Barkod
Arama  
Ana Sayfa Sipariş Takip Üyelik Yardım İletişim
 
 
Bülten
   

×
Turkish Private Law
Haziran 2018 / 1. Baskı / 504 Syf.
Fiyatı: 55.50 TL
İndirimli: 29.90 TL (%47)
4 günde kargoya verilir.
 
Sepete Ekle

Diğer Baskılar
 BaskıTarih Fiyatı İndirimli
 2. Ağustos 2020 63.00 TL -     Sepete Ekle
   

Turkish law has undergone drastic changes over the last 15 years. Indeed, new laws have been enacted and several laws have been amended to modernize and bring Turkish legislation in line with the EU acquis communautaire. For this reason, this book aims to provide an overview of the current Turkish private law. It aspires to serve as a blueprint not only for foreign students and academics, but also for international law firms and organizations. Great care has been given to incorporate the most recent legislation, court decisions, and statistical information.

This book includes eighteen chapters and deals with Civil Law, Property Law, Law of Obligations, Individual Labour Law, Collective Labour Law, Social Security Law, Law on Occupational Health and Safety, Law of Commercial Enterprise, Company Law, Law of Negotiable Instruments, Maritime Law, Insurance Law, Intellectual Property Law, Competition Law, Civil Procedure Law, Execution Law, Bankruptcy and Insolvency Law, and Private International Law.

Konu Başlıkları
Civil Law
Labour Law
Company Law
Maritime Law
Insurance Law
Intellectual Property Law
Competition Law
Civil Procedure Law
Private International Law
Barkod: 9789750248825
Yayın Tarihi: Haziran 2018
Baskı Sayısı:  1
Ebat: 16x24
Sayfa Sayısı: 504
Yayınevi: Seçkin Yayıncılık
Kapak Türü: Karton Kapaklı
Dili: İngilizce
Ekler: -

 

İÇİNDEKİLER
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
Chapter 1
TURKISH CIVIL LAW
  Prof. Dr. Ümit GEZDER, Res. Asst. Yasin BÜYÜK, Res. Asst. M. Hasanali AKAY
Res. Asst. Melike ERGÜN  37
Chapter 2
TURKISH PROPERTY LAW
 Prof. Dr. Ümit GEZDER  57
Chapter 3
SELECTED CONTRACTS IN TURKISH LAW OF OBLIGATIONS
 Res. Asst. Hasanali AKAY, Res. Asst. Murat UÇAK  77
Chapter 4
TURKISH INDIVIDUAL LABOUR LAW
 Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Res. Asst. Ömer UĞUR  109
Chapter 5
TURKISH COLLECTIVE LABOUR LAW
  Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Res. Asst. Muhammed İsmail ÇEKİÇ,
Res. Asst. Didem YALÇINTAŞ  137
Chapter 6
TURKISH SOCIAL SECURITY LAW
 Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Res. Asst. Ebru KARABACAK  159
Chapter 7
TURKISH LAW ON OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
 Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Asst. Prof. Dr. M. Halit KORKUSUZ  207
Chapter 8
LAW OF COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE
 Res. Asst. Emin ÇAMURCU  221
Chapter 9
TURKISH COMPANY LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ferna İPEKEL KAYALI  237
Chapter 10
TURKISH LAW OF NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS
 Res. Asst. Hasan Onur AKAY  259
Chapter 11
TURKISH MARITIME LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hacı KARA  277
Chapter 12
TURKISH INSURANCE LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. M. Barış GÜNAY, Res. Asst. Sena YAZICI  337
Chapter 13
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW
 Asst. Prof. Dr. Özgür ARIKAN  355
Chapter 14
TURKISH COMPETITION LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ferna İPEKEL KAYALI  375
Chapter 15
TURKISH CIVIL PROCEDURE LAW
 Res. Asst. Elif Irmak BÜYÜK  401
Chapter 16
TURKISH EXECUTION LAW
 Nefise Gökçen GÜRCAN, Res. Asst. Çağatay Serdar ŞAHİN  435
Chapter 17
TURKISH BANKRUPTCY AND INSOLVENCY LAW
 Res. Asst. Mehmet Akif GÜL  453
Chapter 18
TURKISH PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW
 Res. Asst. Kazım ÇINAR  475
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD  5
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS  7
TABLE OF CONTENTS  11
Chapter 1
TURKISH CIVIL LAW
  Prof. Dr. Ümit GEZDER, Res. Asst. Yasin BÜYÜK, Res. Asst. M. Hasanali AKAY
Res. Asst. Melike ERGÜN  37
I. History  37
II. Introduction  38
III. Law of Persons  38
A. Beginning and End of Personality:  39
B. Ability to be Subject of the Rights and Obligations:  39
C. Capacity to Act:  40
1. Full Capacity (Art. 9–13 TCC)  40
2. Full Incapacity (Art. 15 TCC)  41
3. Limited Capacity (Art. 16 TCC)  41
IV. Family Law  42
A. Engagement  42
B. Marriage  42
1. Formalities of Marriage  43
2. Marriage Impediments (Art. 129–133 TCC)  43
C. Divorce  44
V. Law of Succession  45
A. Forced Heirs  46
1. Wills and Testamentary Contracts  46
VI. Turkish Obligation Law – General Provisions  47
A. Contracts  47
1. Capacity to Contract  48
2. Formation of the Contract  48
3. Conditions of Validity  49
a. Immorality  49
b. Public Order  49
c. Imperative Rules  49
d. Personal Rights  50
e. Impossibility  50
4. Form of the Contract  50
5. Genuineness of Assent  51
a. Mistake  51
b. Fraud  52
c. Coercion  52
B. Torts  52
1. General  52
2. Conditions  52
3. Compensation  53
C. Unjust Enrichment  53
VII. Special Provisions  53
A. Classification of Contracts That Are Regulated By Special Provisions  54
1. Classification of contracts by their subject and purpose.  54
a. Sales Contracts  54
b. Barter  54
c. Donation Contracts  54
d. Other types of contracts  54
i. Rental Contract  54
ii. Contract of Loan of an Object for Use and Contract of Loan of an Object for Consume  55
e. Contract of bailment  55
f. Contracts of guarantee  55
2. Contracts that are not regulated in the Code  55
a. Combined Contracts  55
b. Mixed Contracts  55
Bibliography  56
Chapter 2
TURKISH PROPERTY LAW
 Prof. Dr. Ümit GEZDER  57
I. Generally  57
A. Property right  57
II. Immovable Property  57
III. Real Rights (Rights in Rem)  58
A. Limited rights in rem  58
1. Servitudes  58
2. Real burdens  58
a. Lien  58
b. Mortgage  59
IV. Possession  59
V. Land Register  59
A. Generally  59
B. The role of registration in the transfer of title  59
1. Introduction  59
2. Relevant Turkish rules  60
3. The publicity principle and the registration principle  61
a. The Absolute Registration Principle (absolutes Eintragungsprinzip)  62
(1) Generally  62
(2) Nature and meaning of this principle  64
(3) The reason for the absolute registration principle  64
(4) Transfer of ownership of real estate through land registration (the field of application of the absolute registration principle)  64
(a) Generally  64
(b) Elements of the transfer  65
b. The relative registration principle (relativen Eintragungsprinzips)  72
4. Conclusion  72
Bibliography  74
Chapter 3
SELECTED CONTRACTS IN TURKISH LAW OF OBLIGATIONS
 Res. Asst. Hasanali AKAY, Res. Asst. Murat UÇAK  77
SECTION I CONTRACT FOR WORK AND SERVICES  77
I. General  77
II. Definition  77
III. Obligations of the Contractor  78
A. Duty of Care  78
B. Duty of Loyalty  79
C. Obligation Regarding the Material  79
D. Commencement of the Work and Performance of the Work Related with the Contract  80
E. Liability for Defect  81
IV. Obligations of the Customer  82
A. Payment  82
1. Due Date for Payment  82
2. Lump Sum Price  82
3. Price Ad Valorem  83
V. Termination of the Contract  83
A. Exceeding the Approximate Price (Art. 482 CO)  83
B. Destruction of the Work (Art. 483 CO)  84
C. Withdrawal in Return for Indemnity (Art. 484 CO)  84
D. Impossibility of the Performance of the Work Because of the Customer
(Art. 485 CO)  84
E. DeathIncapacity of the Contractor (Art. 486 CO)  85
SECTION II GENERAL EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTS  85
I. Definition  85
II. Elements of the Employment Contract  85
A. Obligation to Work  85
B. To Undertake the Performance of the Work for a LimitedUnlimited Period  86
C. Payment  86
D. Dependency Relation  86
E. Agreement  87
III. Obligations of the Employee  87
A. Duty to Assume the Tasks in Person  87
B. Compliance with General Directives and Instructions  88
C. Duty of Care  88
D. Duty of Loyalty  89
E. Disclosure and Handing Over of Benefits Received and of the Work Produced  90
F. Duty to Work Overtime  90
IV. Obligations of the Employer  90
A. Payment of Wages  90
B. Obligation to Provide Tools and Material  91
C. Obligation to Bear the Expenses  91
D. Obligation of the Employer Related to the Protection of the Employee’s Personality Rights  92
E. Obligation to Comply with the Employee’s Right to Holiday and Leave  93
V. Termination of the Employment Contract  93
A. Termination of the Fixed–Term Employment Contract  93
B. Termination of the Employment Contract with Indefinite Term  94
C. Rightful Termination of the Employment Contract  94
D. Termination of the Employment Contract Upon Death  95
SECTION III LEASE CONTRACT  95
I. Definition and Parties of the Lease  96
II. Term of the Lease  96
III. Obligations of the LandlordLessor  96
VI. Obligations of the LesseeTenant  98
V. Special Cases  99
VI. End of Lease  100
VII. Provisions Related to Commercial and Residential Premises  101
SECTION IV CONTRACT OF MANDATE  105
I. Definition and Scope of Application  105
II. Obligations of the Mandatary  106
III. Obligations of the Mandator  107
IV. Termination of the Mandate  107
Bibliography  108
Chapter 4
TURKISH INDIVIDUAL LABOUR LAW
 Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Res. Asst. Ömer UĞUR  109
SECTION I GENERAL  109
I. Basic Concepts of Individual Labour Law  109
A. Employee  109
B. Employer  110
C. Apprentice (Çırak)  111
D. Intern (Stajyer)  111
E. Contract of Employment (İş Sözleşmesi)  112
II. Scope of the Labour Code  112
A. Works within the Scope of the Labour Code  112
B. Works outside the Scope of the Labour Code  113
SECTION II TYPES OF CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT  115
I. General  115
II. Transitory and Permanent Contract of Employment  115
A. Transitory Contract of Employment (Süreksiz İş Sözleşmesi)  116
B. Permanent Contract of Employment (Sürekli İş Sözleşmesi)  116
C. Consequences of the Distinction between Transitory and Permanent Contract of Employment  116
III. Contract of Employment with Indefinite Term and Definite Term  116
A. Contract of Employment with an Indefinite Term (Belirsiz Süreli İş Sözleşmesi)  117
B. Contract of Employment with a Definite Term (Belirli Süreli İş Sözleşmesi)  117
1. Legal ments of the Contract of Employment with a Definite Term  117
IV. Part Time and Full Time Contract of Employment  118
V. Contract of Employment with Trial Period (Deneme Süreli İş Sözleşmesi)  119
SECTION III TERMINATION OF THE CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT  120
I. Situations Resulting in the Termination of the Contract of Employment  120
A. Mutual Rescission (İkale)  120
B. End of the Fixed Term  120
C. Death  121
II. Termination of the Contract of Employment upon Notice (İş Sözleşmesinin Bildirimli Feshi)  121
A. General  121
B. Termination Notice Periods (Fesih Bildirim Süreleri)  122
III. Termination of the Contract of Employment upon Notice that Contains a Valid Ground (İş Sözleşmesinin Geçerli Nedenle Feshi)  123
A. General  123
B. Valid Grounds for Termination  123
IV. Rightful Termination of the Contract of Employment (İş Sözleşmesinin Haklı Nedenle Feshi)  124
A. General  124
B. Termination of the Contract by Employees  125
1. Health issues  125
2. Situations that are against the moral rules and good faith  125
3. Act of providence  126
C. Termination of the Contract by Employers  126
1. Health issues  126
2. Situations that are against the moral rules and good faith  127
3. Act of providence  128
4. Absence due to an arrestdetention  128
V. Results of the Termination of the Contract of Employment  129
A. Severance Pay (Kıdem Tazminatı)  129
B. Pay in Lieu of Notice (İhbar Tazminatı)  130
C. Payment of Annual Paid Leave (Yıllık Ücretli İzin Ücreti)  130
D. Reemployment Lawsuit (İşe İade Davası)  131
SECTION IV LABOUR JUDICIARY  131
I. General  131
II. Competence and Venue  132
A. Competence (Görev)  132
B. Venue (Yetki)  132
III. Procedure  133
A. Mandatory Mediation (Zorunlu Arabuluculuk)  133
B. Trials (Yargılama)  133
Bibliography  135
Chapter 5
TURKISH COLLECTIVE LABOUR LAW
  Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Res. Asst. Muhammed İsmail ÇEKİÇ,
Res. Asst. Didem YALÇINTAŞ  137
SECTION I UNIONS  138
I. The Concept of Union and Its Structure  138
A. Definition and Features of Unions  138
B. Formation of Unions  139
C. Membership of Unions  140
D. Organs of Unions  141
II. Trade Union Freedom  142
A. Trade Union Freedom and Its Features  142
B. Protection of Trade Union Freedom  143
1. Safeguards Provided for Workers’ Organization Officials (İşçi Kuruluşu Yöneticiliğinin Güvencesi)  143
2. Protection of Shop Stewards (İşyeri Sendika Temsilciliğinin Güvencesi)  144
3. Safeguards Provided for Trade Union Membership  145
SECTION II COLLECTIVE LABOUR AGREEMENT  145
I. Definition and Properties of Collective Labour Agreements  145
II. Types of Collective Labour Agreements  146
A. Workplace Collective Labour Agreement  147
B. Group Collective Labour Agreement  147
C. Enterprise Collective Labour Agreement  147
D. Framework Agreement  147
III. Capacity and Competence to Conclude a Collective Labour Agreement  148
IV. Collective Bargaining Process (Toplu Görüşme Süreci)  149
A. Invitation to Collective Bargaining  149
B. Negotiations  150
V. Strikes, Lock–Outs and Their Exceptions  151
A. Decision to StrikeLock–out  151
B. Strike Ballot  152
C. Prohibition and Suspension of Strikes and Lock–Outs  153
D. Execution of Strikes and Lock–Outs  154
E. Effects of Lawful StrikesLock–Outs on Individual Employment Contracts  154
F. Consequences of an Unlawful StrikeLock–Out  155
G. Termination of Strikes and Lock–Outs  155
Bibliography  157
Chapter 6
TURKISH SOCIAL SECURITY LAW
 Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Res. Asst. Ebru KARABACAK  159
SECTION I INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL SECURITY LAW  159
I. Concept of Social Insurance  159
II. Models Affecting Social Security Perception  160
A. The Bismarck Model  160
B. Beveridge Model  161
C. Private Insurance Model  161
III. Techniques Used For Social Insurance  161
IV. Attributes of Social Insurance  162
V. The Social Insurance Institution  162
VI. Financing of Social Security  163
SECTION II FIELD OF APPLICATION OF SOCIAL INSURANCES  166
I. Field of Application in Terms of Persons  166
A. Individuals Who Are Deemed to be Insured  166
1. Insurance of Individuals Working Dependently  166
2. Insurance of Independent Workers  169
3. Insurance of Public Servants  170
4. Insurance of Foreigners  171
B. Insurance Holders Who Are Deemed Partly Insured  172
C. Individuals Who Are Not Deemed to be Insurance Holders  175
II. Notification of the Beginning of Insurance  176
III. Determination of Insurance by Judicial Decision (Service Detection Actions)  179
IV. Overlap of Insurance Situations  180
V. Consolidation of Insurance Periods  181
VI. Voluntary Insurance  182
A. General  182
B. ments for Voluntary Insurance  183
C. Principles of Voluntary Insurance  184
D. Termination of Voluntary Insurance  184
VII. Scope of Application in Terms of Location  184
SECTION III TYPES OF SOCIAL INSURANCE  185
I. Work Accident and Occupational Disease Insurance  185
II. Illness Insurance  189
III. Maternity Insurance  189
IV. Invalidity Insurance  190
V. Old–Age Insurance  191
VI. Survivors’ Insurance  192
VII. Unemployment Insurance  192
VIII. General Health Insurance  193
SECTION IV RIGHT OF RECOURSE IN SOCIAL SECURITY LAW  193
SECTION V SERVICE OWING  195
I. Periods That Can Be Owed  196
A. Unpaid Maternity Leave Periods and Postnatal Periods  197
B. Military Service Period  198
C. Incomplete Periods of Those Who Work Under a Part–Time Employment Contract  198
II. Principles  199
III. Owing Services Abroad  199
SECTION VI SOCIAL ASSISTANCE AND SERVICES  200
I. Social Assistance  200
II. Social Services  201
III. Nongovernmental Organizations and Social Security  201
SECTION VII PRIVATE PENSION SYSTEM  202
Bibliography  204
Chapter 7
TURKISH LAW ON OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
 Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Asst. Prof. Dr. M. Halit KORKUSUZ  207
SECTION I TASKS OF THE STATE  207
I. Importance of Ensuring Occupational Health and Safety  207
II. Constitutional Basis of Occupational Health and Safety  207
III. Occupational Health and Safety Regulations  208
IV. National Council of Occupational Health and Safety  208
V. Insurance Premium Reinforcement System  208
VI. Inspection of Occupational Health and Safety  208
SECTION II EMPLOYERS’ DUTIES AND ORGANIZATION OF THE WORKSITE  209
I. Employers’ Duties  209
A. Duty to Take All Necessary Precautions  209
B. Duty to Supervise  209
C. Duty of Training and Informing  209
D. Duty to Perform Risk Assessment  210
E. Duty to Perform Healthcare Supervision  210
F. Duty to Report Work Accident and Record Keeping  211
G. Other Duties  211
II. Organization of the Worksite about Occupational Health and Safety  211
A. Committee of Occupational Health and Safety (İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği Kurulu)  211
B. Occupational Safety Experts (İş Güvenliği Uzmanları)  212
C. Occupational Physicians (İşyeri Hekimleri)  212
D. Worksite Health and Safety Unit (İşyeri Sağlık ve Güvenlik Birimi) and Health and Safety Joint Unit (Ortak Sağlık ve Güvenlik Birimi)  213
SECTION III EMPLOYEES’ RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS  213
I. Employees’ Rights  213
A. Right to Abstain from Work  214
B. Right to Participate  215
C. Right to File a Complaint to Administrative Authorities (İhbar Hakkı)  215
D. Right to Terminate the Employment Contract with Valid Reason  216
II. Employees’ Duties  216
SECTION IV OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY SANCTIONS  217
I. Administrative Sanctions  218
A. Administrative Fines  218
B. Suspension of the work  218
C. Disqualification from tendering  218
II. Penal Sanctions  219
III. Legal Sanctions  219
Bibliography  220
Chapter 8
LAW OF COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE
 Res. Asst. Emin ÇAMURCU  221
SECTION I COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE  221
I. Elements of Commercial Enterprise  222
A. Aiming to Produce an Income Higher Than the Artisan Enterprise  222
B. Continuity  222
C. Independence  222
II. Contracts Related with Commercial Enterprises  223
SECTION II NOTIONS RELATED TO COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE  223
I. Merchant  223
A. Identifying a Merchant  224
1. Natural Persons  224
2. Legal Persons  224
B. Consequences of Being a Merchant  225
1. Bankruptcy  225
2. Role of Commercial Usage and Custom  225
3. Impossibility to Request Reduction of the FeeContractual Penalty  226
4. Right to Demand Payment of a Remuneration and Interest  226
II. Commercial Affair (Ticari İş)  226
A. Presumption of Commercial Affair  227
B. Consequences of Qualifying an Affair as Commercial Affair  228
1. Presumption of Joint Liability  228
2. Interest in Commercial Affairs  228
3. Statute of Limitation Periods in Commercial Affairs  229
III. Commercial Clauses  229
IV. Merchant Assistants  231
A. Commercial Representative (Ticari Temsilci)  231
B. Commercial Delegate (Ticari Vekil)  232
C. Agent (Acente)  233
Bibliography  236
Chapter 9
TURKISH COMPANY LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ferna İPEKEL KAYALI  237
SECTION I OVERVIEW OF COMPANY LAW IN TURKEY  237
I. General  237
II. Commercial Companies  238
SECTION II CAPITAL COMPANIES  239
I. Joint Stock Companies  239
A. General Assembly  240
B. Board of Directors  245
C. Shareholders’ Rights  248
1. Personal Rights of the Shareholders  248
a. Right of participation in the GM:  248
b. Right to vote:  248
c. Right to information and examination:  248
d. Right to request the appointment of special audit:  249
e. Right to request the nullity of GM resolutions:  250
2. Financial Rights of the Shareholders  250
D. Share Transfer  250
II. Limited Liability Companies  251
A. General Assembly  252
B. Directors  255
C. Share Transfer  256
Bibliography  257
Chapter 10
TURKISH LAW OF NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS
 Res. Asst. Hasan Onur AKAY  259
SECTION I GENERAL  259
I. Definition and Legislation  259
II. Elements and Characteristics of Negotiable Instruments  260
A. Elements of Negotiable Instruments  260
B. Characteristics of Negotiable Instruments  261
III. Classification of Negotiable Instruments  261
A. Classification Based on the Right Embodied in the Instrument  261
1. Instruments Embodying a Monetary Claim (Alacak Senetleri)  261
2. Commodity Instruments (Emtia Senetleri)  262
3. Equity/Share Instruments (Pay Senetleri)  262
4. Instruments That Serve to Participate in Capital Companies (Ortaklığa Katılma Senetleri)  262
5. Combined Instruments (Karma Nitelikli Senetler)  262
B. Classification Based on the Transfer Procedure of the Instrument  262
1. Registered Negotiable Instruments (Nama Yazılı Kıymetli Evrak)  263
2. Negotiable Instruments Payable to Order (Emre Yazılı Kıymetli Evrak)  263
3. Negotiable Instruments Payable to Bearer (Hamile/Hamiline Yazılı Kıymetli Evrak)  263
SECTION II COMMERCIAL PAPERS  264
I. General  264
II. Bills of Exchange  264
A. Form of a Bill of Exchange  264
B. Transfer of Bills of Exchange  266
C. Acceptance (Kabul)  268
D. Recourse for Non–AcceptanceNon–Payment  268
E. Period of Limitation  269
III. Promissory Notes  269
A. General  269
B. Form of a Promissory Note  269
C. Period of Limitation  270
IV. Checks  270
A. General  270
B. Form of a Check  271
C. Period of Presentation  272
D. Transfer of Checks  273
E. Recourse for Non–AcceptanceNon–Payment  274
F. Period of Limitation  274
Bibliography  275
Chapter 11
TURKISH MARITIME LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hacı KARA  277
SECTION I SOURCES OF TURKISH MARITIME LAW AND THE STRUCTURE MARITIME ADMINISTRATION  277
I. Sources of Turkish Maritime Law  277
A. Turkish Commercial Code  277
B. International Conventions  278
C. Other National Legislation  279
II. The Structure of Turkish Maritime Administration  280
SECTION II SHIP AND OWNERSHIP OF A SHIP  282
I. Definition and Legal Nature of a Ship  282
B. The Legal Nature of a Ship  283
C. Some Elements Determining the Identity of a Ship  284
1. Name of the Ship  284
2. Flag of the Ship  284
a. General  284
b. Vessels which have the right to hoist a Turkish flag  285
ba. Ships owned by real persons  285
bb. Ships owned by the association of ship owners  285
bba. Ships owned legal entities  285
bbb. Ships owned by commercial companies  285
c. Temporary hoisting of a foreign flag by Turkish vessels  286
d. Temporary hoisting of a Turkish flag by foreign vessels  286
3. Ship’s (Vessel’s) Home Port  286
4. Ship’s Tonnage  287
5. Ship’s Class  287
6. Ship Registry  287
a. National Ship Registry  287
aa. Ship Registry Directorate  288
ab. Scope of the Registry  288
aba. Ships which can lawfully be registered with the Ship Registry  288
abb. Ships which cannot be registered with the Ship Registry  289
b. Registry for Ships under Construction  289
c. Turkish International Ship Registry (TISR)  289
ca. ments to register in the TISR  289
cb. Financial rules Relating to TISR  290
cba. Dues regarding vessels registered with the TISR  290
cbb. Financial facilities provided to vessels registered with the TISR  291
d. Mooring Log  292
II. Ownership of a Vessel  292
A. Exercitor Navis (Donatan)  293
1. Cases Which Result in the Liability of the Owner  293
a. Owner’s Liability Arising from the Fault of the Crew Members  293
b. Owner’s Liability Arising from the Transactions Carried out by the Master  293
c. Limitation of the Master’s Liability  293
2. Owner’s Liability for Tortious Acts  293
3. Authorized Court for Actions to Be Filed Against the Owner  293
B. Ship Operator (Disponent Owner)  294
C. Partnership Operating a Ship (Joint Ownership)  294
SECTION III MASTER  294
I. General  294
II. Master’s Duties  294
III. Master’s Powers  296
A. To Represent the Owner  296
1. When the Ship is at the Home Port  296
2. Whilst the Ship is Outside the Home Port  296
B. Credit Transactions  296
C. Undertaking for Foreign Exchanges  297
D. LimitationsRemoval of the Master’s Power of Representation  297
E. Master’s Power to Represent the Persons Interested with the Cargo  297
1. Duty to Protect the Interests of the Persons Interested with the Cargo  297
2. Master’s Power to Dispose of the Goods  298
IV. Master’s Duties and Rights  298
A. Duties Against Third Parties  298
B. Duties Against the Owner  298
1. Duty to Give Information to the Owner  298
2. Duty to Hand Over the Freight and Other Sums to the Owner  299
3. Prohibition to Load Cargo on His Own Account  299
SECTION IV MARITIME TRADE CONTRACTS  299
I. Bareboat Charter Party  299
A. Definition and Its Elements  300
1. Definition  300
2. Elements of the Definition  300
B. Provisions of the Bareboat Charter  300
1. Rights of the Charterer  300
a. Right to use the ship  300
b. Right to request the registration of the charter in the ship registry  301
c. Right to request the delivery of the chartered vessel  301
2. Obligations of the Charterer  301
a. Obligation to pay the rent  301
b. Employment of the seamen  301
c. Reimbursement of the expenditures  301
d. Insurance  302
e. Claims arising from the operation of the ship  302
f. Re–delivery of the vessel  302
II. Time Charter Party  302
A. Definition and Its Elements  302
1. Definition  302
2. Elements of the Definition  302
B. Rights and Obligations of the Parties  303
1. To undertake the technical management of the ship  303
2. Commercial management of the ship  303
3. To meet the outgoings  303
C. Obligation to pay a fee and its guarantee  303
D. Liability of the allocated party and his obligation to deliver the ship  304
III. Contract of Affreightment  304
A. Definition and Types of Affreightment Contracts  304
1. Definition  304
2. Types  305
a. Voyage Charter  305
aa. Full Charter  305
ab. Partial Charter  305
b. Contracts in Liner Shipping  305
B. Main Freight Contracts and Sub–Freight Contracts  305
C. Parties to the Affreightment Contract  306
1. Carrier  306
2. Charterer  306
D. Other Persons Interested with the Cargo  307
1. Shipper  307
2. Consignee (Receiver)  307
E. Execution of the Carriage and Its Phases  307
1. Loading  307
a. Loading Place  308
b. Loading Period  308
ba. Calculation of the Loading Period  308
bb. Cases which are not accepted as loading period  308
c. Demurrage Period  308
d. Loading Expenses  309
2. Discharge  309
a. Discharge Expenses  309
b. Discharge Period  309
c. Non–discharge of the cargo  310
F. Liability of the Carrier  310
1. Liability for the Irregularities Occurred at the Outset  310
2. Liability of the Carrier for Loss ofDamage to Cargofor Late Delivery  311
3. Special Situations  311
a. Loading the cargo to another ship and transhipment  311
b. Loading onto deck without permission  312
c. Unjust deviation  312
4. Duration for Which the Carrier is Liable  312
G. Carriage Documents  312
1. Bill of Lading (B/L)  313
2. Sea Waybill  313
H. Duration for Acceptance of Delay and the Loss of Goods  313
IV. Contract of Carriage of Passengers  313
A. Definitions  314
1. Contract of Carriage of Passengers by Sea  314
2. Carrier and Actual Carrier  314
3. Passenger  314
4. Baggage  314
5. Defects of the Ship  315
B. Time Bar  315
SECTION V MARINE ACCIDENTS  315
I. General Average  315
A. Definitions and Its Elements  315
1. Definition  315
2. Elements of General Average  316
B. Substitution Expenses  316
C. Dispatch  317
1. The person responsible for making the dispatch  317
2. Determination of the Dispatcher  317
3. Opposition to the dispatch  317
D. Debtors of the Dispatch Shares and Security  318
1. Debtors of the Dispatch Shares  318
2. Guarantee  318
E. Time Bar  318
II. Collision  318
A. Definition of Collision and Its Types  319
1. Definition  319
2. Types of Collision  319
a. Collision without fault  319
b. Collision by fault  319
ba. Collision by unilateral fault  319
bb. Collision by bilateral fault  319
c. Comparative Collision  320
B. Damages to Be Indemnified as a Result of Collision  320
1. Material Damages  320
2. Bodily Damages  320
C. Time Bar  321
III. Salvage  321
A. Definitions  321
1. Salvage Operation  321
2. Water Vehicle  322
3. Goods  322
B. Salvage Contract  322
1. Salvage Contract and its Scope  322
2. The Provisions Which Could Not Be Changed  322
C. Obligations of the Parties  323
1. Obligations of the Salvor  323
2. Obligations of the Ownerthe Master of the Ship Under Danger and the Cargo Owners  323
D. Salvage Fee  323
1. Scope of the Salvage Fee  323
2. Criteria for the Determination of the Salvage Fee  324
3. Persons Liable for Salvage Fee  325
E. Time Bar  325
SECTION VI MARITIME LIENS AND ENFORCEMENT  325
I. Maritime Liens  325
A. Notion of Maritime Lien  326
B. Claims Granting a Right of Maritime Lien  327
II. Maritime Enforcement  327
A. Maritime Claims  327
B. Taking Maritime Claims under Guarantee  329
1. Precautionary Attachment  329
2. Conditions Applicable to the Precautionary Attachment  330
C. Competent Court  330
1. About the precautionary attachment decision  330
a. Before filing a lawsuit  330
aa. For Turkish flag vessels  330
ab. For foreign flag vessels  330
b. After filing a lawsuit  331
2. About the Oppositions to the Lien  331
3. About the Enforcement  331
4. About the Indemnity Action filed due to Unjust Precautionary Attachment  331
D. The Claimant’s Guarantee  332
SECTION VII LIMITATION OF LIABILITY AND COMPENSATION OF LOSSES ARISING FROM OIL POLLUTION  332
I. Liability For Sea Pollution  332
II. Limitation of Liability  333
Bibliography  334
Chapter 12
TURKISH INSURANCE LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. M. Barış GÜNAY, Res. Asst. Sena YAZICI  337
SECTION I INTRODUCTION  337
SECTION II THE INSURANCE ACT (LAW NO. 5684)  338
I. Insurance and Reinsurance Companies (Sigorta ve Reasürans Şirketleri)  338
II. Intermediaries (Sigorta Aracıları)  339
III. Supervision  340
IV. Assurance Account (Güvence Hesabı)  340
V. Insurance Arbitration Scheme (Sigorta Tahkim Sistemi)  340
SECTION III INSURANCE CONTRACTS  342
I. General Provisions  342
A. Obligations and Duties of the Insurer  343
1. Obligation to carry the risk  343
2. Pre–contractual information duty  344
3. Obligation to issue and deliver policy  345
4. Obligation to pay expenses  345
5. Obligation to pay indemnity  345
B. Obligations and Duties of the Insured  346
1. Obligation to pay premium  346
2. Duty of disclosure  346
3. Duty to Provide Information and to Allow Investigation  347
4. Duty to Prevent LossIncrease in Loss  348
II. Special Provisions  348
A. Indemnity Insurances (Zarar Sigortaları)  349
1. Property Insurance (Mal Sigortası)  349
2. Liability Insurance (Sorumluluk Sigortası)  350
B. Personal Insurances (Can Sigortaları)  351
1. Life Insurance (Hayat Sigortası)  351
2. Accident Insurance (Kaza Sigortası)  352
3. Sickness Insurance and Health Insurance (Hastalık ve Sağlık Sigortası)  352
Bibliography  353
Chapter 13
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW
 Asst. Prof. Dr. Özgür ARIKAN  355
SECTION 1 TRADE MARK LAW  356
I. Definition and Registrability of Trade Mark  357
II. Persons Who Are Entitled to Protection  358
III. Functions of Trade Mark  358
IV. Registration of Trade Mark  359
V. Absolute and Relative Grounds for Refusal  360
VI. Trade Mark Protection  363
VII. Duration of Trade Mark Registration  365
SECTION 2 PATENT LAW  365
I. Patentability  366
II. Registration, Grant and Ownership of Patent  367
III. Employee Inventions  368
IV. Duration  370
V. Protection of Patent  370
SECTION 3 DESIGN LAW  371
I. Definition and Registrability of Design  371
II. Protection of Design  372
III. Duration of Design Protection  373
IV. Right to the Design and Employee Designs  373
Bibliography  374
Chapter 14
TURKISH COMPETITION LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ferna İPEKEL KAYALI  375
I. General  375
A. Competition Authority  375
1. Competition Board  376
2. Legal Nature and Judicial Review of the Decisions of the Competition Board  377
B. Sources of Competition Law  377
C. Relationship Between Competition Law and Unfair Competition  377
II. Agreements, Decisions and Concerted Practices Restricting Competition  378
A. Agreements, Concerted Practices and Decisions of Associations of Undertakings  379
1. Agreement  379
2. Concerted Practice  380
3. Decision of an Association of Undertakings  381
a. Association of Undertakings  381
b. Decision of an Association of Undertakings  381
B. Examples of Anti–Competitive Agreements  382
C. Exemption  383
III. Abuse of Dominant Position  385
A. Dominant Position  385
B. Examples of Abuse of Dominant Position  386
IV. Mergers and Acquisitions  387
A. Transactions Treated as Mergers and Acquisitions  387
1. Mergers  387
2. Acquisitions  388
3. Joint Ventures  390
a. Full–Function Joint Ventures  391
b. Non Full–Function Joint Ventures  392
B. Authorization System  392
V. Private Enforcement of Competition Law  393
Bibliography  398
Chapter 15
TURKISH CIVIL PROCEDURE LAW
 Res. Asst. Elif Irmak BÜYÜK  401
I. General  401
II. Competence and Venue: Where to Commence an Action  402
A. Jurisdictional Branches and Court Organization  402
B. Competence and Venue  403
III. Lawsuit  405
A. General  405
B. Parties  406
C. Phases of a Lawsuit  407
1. Exchange of Petitions (Pleading) Phase (Dilekçeler Aşaması)  407
2. Preliminary Investigation Phase (Ön İnceleme Aşaması)  409
3. Investigation Phase (Tahkikat)  410
a. Evidence  410
4. Oral Hearings and Rendering of the Verdict (Sözlü Yargılama ve Hükmün Verilmesi)  412
IV. Interim Measures (Geçici Hukuki Korumalar)  413
V. Legal Avenues (Kanun Yolu)  414
A. General  414
B. Appeal Procedure in the CCP No 6100  416
C. Appeal Procedure in the –former– CCP No 1086  419
VI. Arbitration  420
A. General  420
B. Arbitration Agreement  421
1. General  421
2. Written Form  422
3. Subject  422
C. Effect of the Arbitration Agreement  422
D. Arbitration Procedure  422
1. Commencing of Arbitration  422
2. Term of Arbitration  423
3. Termination of the Arbitration Proceeding  423
E. Action for Annulment  424
VII. Mediation  425
A. General  425
B. Scope of the Law on Mediation in Civil Disputes  426
C. Basic Principles  426
1. Voluntary Participation and Equality  426
2. Confidentiality  427
3. Inability to Use Statements and Documents  427
D. Mediation Activity  427
E. Completion of Mediation  430
F. Enforceability  430
G. Mandatory Mediation in Turkish Labour Law  431
Bibliography  432
Chapter 16
TURKISH EXECUTION LAW
 Nefise Gökçen GÜRCAN, Res. Asst. Çağatay Serdar ŞAHİN  435
SECTION I GENERAL FEATURES OF EXECUTION LAW  435
I. Introduction  435
II. Scope of Application  436
III. Basic Concepts and Organization of Turkish Execution Law  437
A. Credit–Debt and Creditor–Debtor in the EBC  437
B. Executive Organization  437
1. Execution Offices (Art. 1 EBC) (İcra Daireleri)  438
2. Execution Courts (Art. 4 EBC) (İcra Mahkemeleri)  438
3. Relevant Chambers of the Supreme Court  439
IV. Complaint Procedure (Art. 16 – 18 EBC) (Şikâyet)  440
A. Legal Character and Function of the Complaint Procedure  440
B. Grounds for Complaint  441
1. Unlawfulness of the Actions of Execution Offices  441
2. Inappropriateness of the Act to the Circumstances  441
3. Failure to Implement a Right  442
4. Impediment of Observance of a Right Without a Cause  442
C. Procedure  442
1. Limitation Period  442
2. Competence and Venue  443
SECTION II TYPES AND STAGES OF EXECUTION PROCEEDINGS  443
I. Types of Execution Proceedings  443
A. General  443
B. General Attachment Procedure (Art. 46–144 EBC) (Genel Haciz Yoluyla Takip)  444
1. Request for Execution (Art. 58 EBC) (Takip Talebi)  445
2. Order of Payment (Art. 60–61 EBC) (Ödeme Emri)  445
3. Attachment (Art. 78 et seq. EBC)  446
4. Sale of the Attached Goods (Art. 106–137 EBC)  447
5. Reimbursement of the Creditor (Art. 138–144/a EBC)  448
II. Provisional Attachment Procedure (İhtiyati Haciz)  448
A. General  448
B. Definition and Legal Character of Provisional Attachment  448
C. Conditions of Provisional Attachment  449
1. Provisional Attachment for Due Debts  449
2. Provisional Attachment for Deferred Debts  449
D. Procedure  450
Bibliography  452
Chapter 17
TURKISH BANKRUPTCY AND INSOLVENCY LAW
 Res. Asst. Mehmet Akif GÜL  453
SECTION I TURKISH BANKRUPTCY LAW  453
I. General  453
II. Bankruptcy Bodies  454
A. Official Bodies  454
1. Fundamental Official Bodies  455
a. Execution Office  455
b. Bankruptcy Office  455
c. Execution Court  455
d. Commercial Court of First Instance  456
e. Court of Appeal  456
2. Subsidiary Official Bodies  456
B. Non–Official Bodies  456
III. Grounds for Bankruptcy  456
SECTION II TURKISH INSOLVENCY LAW  459
I. Postponement of Bankruptcy (İflâsın Ertelenmesi)  459
A. Grounds for Postponement of Bankruptcy  460
1. Procedural Grounds  460
a. Declaration of Over–indebtedness  460
b. Request for Postponement of Bankruptcy  461
c. Submission of the Balance–Sheet  461
d. Submission of the Rehabilitation Project  461
e. Payment of the Costs in Advance  461
f. Not to Have Availed of the Extraordinary Grace Period (Fevkalâde Mühlet)  462
2. Substantive Grounds  462
a. Over–indebtedness  462
b. Hope to Ensure the Continuance of the Company  462
c. Protection of Creditors’ Rights  462
II. Reorganisation (Konkordato)  463
A. Ordinary Reorganisation (Adî Konkordato)  463
1. Reorganisation outside Bankruptcy (İflâs Dışı Konkordato)  463
a. Reorganisation Proposal  464
b. Examination of the Reorganisation Proposal  464
c. Respite for Concordat  464
d. Results of the Respite for Concordat  464
e. Annulment of the Respite for Concordat  465
f. Creditors’ Meeting  465
g. Approval of the Reorganisation Project  466
h. Annulment of the Reorganisation Project  467
2. Reorganisation within Bankruptcy (İflâs İçi Konkordato)  467
B. Reorganisation by way of Abandonment of the Debtor’s Assets (Malvarlığının Terki Suretiyle Konkordato)  468
III. Restructuring of Capital Stock Companies and Cooperatives by Way of Conciliation (Sermaye Şirketleri ve Kooperatiflerin Uzlaşma Yoluyla Yeniden Yapılandırılması)  469
SECTION III ACTION FOR RESCISSION OF DISPOSITION – ACTIO PAULIANA (TASARRUFUN İPTALI DAVASI)  471
Bibliography  473
Chapter 18
TURKISH PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW
 Res. Asst. Kazım ÇINAR  475
SECTION I GENERAL INTRODUCTION  475
SECTION II CONFLICT OF LAWS  476
I. General Issues  476
A. Classification  476
B. Renvoi  477
C. Application of Foreign Law  477
D. Exceptions to Competent Foreign Law  478
II. Conflict of Law Provisions  479
A. Form of Transaction and Statute of Limitation  479
B. Law of Persons and Family Law  479
C. Inheritance Law  480
D. Property Law  480
E. Law of Obligations  481
SECTION III INTERNATIONAL PROCEDURAL LAW  482
I. Jurisdictional Immunity  482
II. International Jurisdiction of Turkish Courts  483
III. Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments  485
IV. International Arbitration  489
SECTION IV TURKISH CITIZENSHIP LAW  492
I. General  492
II. Acquisition of Turkish Citizenship  492
III. Loss of Turkish Citizenship  494
A. Loss of Turkish citizenship by decision of the competent authority  495
B. Loss of Turkish Citizenship by the use of the right of choice  496
SECTION V LAW OF FOREIGNERS  497
I. General  497
II. Residence Permit  498
III. Work Permit  499
IV. Possession of Land in Turkey  503
Bibliography  504
 


Mehmet Refik Korkusuz ...
Ağustos 2020
63.00 TL
Sepete Ekle
Süleyman Yılmaz
Kasım 2020
50.00 TL
Sepete Ekle
Ender Ethem Atay
Kasım 2020
60.00 TL
Sepete Ekle
Yasemin Işıktaç
Kasım 2020
25.00 TL
Sepete Ekle





 

İÇİNDEKİLER
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
Chapter 1
TURKISH CIVIL LAW
  Prof. Dr. Ümit GEZDER, Res. Asst. Yasin BÜYÜK, Res. Asst. M. Hasanali AKAY
Res. Asst. Melike ERGÜN  37
Chapter 2
TURKISH PROPERTY LAW
 Prof. Dr. Ümit GEZDER  57
Chapter 3
SELECTED CONTRACTS IN TURKISH LAW OF OBLIGATIONS
 Res. Asst. Hasanali AKAY, Res. Asst. Murat UÇAK  77
Chapter 4
TURKISH INDIVIDUAL LABOUR LAW
 Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Res. Asst. Ömer UĞUR  109
Chapter 5
TURKISH COLLECTIVE LABOUR LAW
  Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Res. Asst. Muhammed İsmail ÇEKİÇ,
Res. Asst. Didem YALÇINTAŞ  137
Chapter 6
TURKISH SOCIAL SECURITY LAW
 Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Res. Asst. Ebru KARABACAK  159
Chapter 7
TURKISH LAW ON OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
 Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Asst. Prof. Dr. M. Halit KORKUSUZ  207
Chapter 8
LAW OF COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE
 Res. Asst. Emin ÇAMURCU  221
Chapter 9
TURKISH COMPANY LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ferna İPEKEL KAYALI  237
Chapter 10
TURKISH LAW OF NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS
 Res. Asst. Hasan Onur AKAY  259
Chapter 11
TURKISH MARITIME LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hacı KARA  277
Chapter 12
TURKISH INSURANCE LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. M. Barış GÜNAY, Res. Asst. Sena YAZICI  337
Chapter 13
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW
 Asst. Prof. Dr. Özgür ARIKAN  355
Chapter 14
TURKISH COMPETITION LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ferna İPEKEL KAYALI  375
Chapter 15
TURKISH CIVIL PROCEDURE LAW
 Res. Asst. Elif Irmak BÜYÜK  401
Chapter 16
TURKISH EXECUTION LAW
 Nefise Gökçen GÜRCAN, Res. Asst. Çağatay Serdar ŞAHİN  435
Chapter 17
TURKISH BANKRUPTCY AND INSOLVENCY LAW
 Res. Asst. Mehmet Akif GÜL  453
Chapter 18
TURKISH PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW
 Res. Asst. Kazım ÇINAR  475
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD  5
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS  7
TABLE OF CONTENTS  11
Chapter 1
TURKISH CIVIL LAW
  Prof. Dr. Ümit GEZDER, Res. Asst. Yasin BÜYÜK, Res. Asst. M. Hasanali AKAY
Res. Asst. Melike ERGÜN  37
I. History  37
II. Introduction  38
III. Law of Persons  38
A. Beginning and End of Personality:  39
B. Ability to be Subject of the Rights and Obligations:  39
C. Capacity to Act:  40
1. Full Capacity (Art. 9–13 TCC)  40
2. Full Incapacity (Art. 15 TCC)  41
3. Limited Capacity (Art. 16 TCC)  41
IV. Family Law  42
A. Engagement  42
B. Marriage  42
1. Formalities of Marriage  43
2. Marriage Impediments (Art. 129–133 TCC)  43
C. Divorce  44
V. Law of Succession  45
A. Forced Heirs  46
1. Wills and Testamentary Contracts  46
VI. Turkish Obligation Law – General Provisions  47
A. Contracts  47
1. Capacity to Contract  48
2. Formation of the Contract  48
3. Conditions of Validity  49
a. Immorality  49
b. Public Order  49
c. Imperative Rules  49
d. Personal Rights  50
e. Impossibility  50
4. Form of the Contract  50
5. Genuineness of Assent  51
a. Mistake  51
b. Fraud  52
c. Coercion  52
B. Torts  52
1. General  52
2. Conditions  52
3. Compensation  53
C. Unjust Enrichment  53
VII. Special Provisions  53
A. Classification of Contracts That Are Regulated By Special Provisions  54
1. Classification of contracts by their subject and purpose.  54
a. Sales Contracts  54
b. Barter  54
c. Donation Contracts  54
d. Other types of contracts  54
i. Rental Contract  54
ii. Contract of Loan of an Object for Use and Contract of Loan of an Object for Consume  55
e. Contract of bailment  55
f. Contracts of guarantee  55
2. Contracts that are not regulated in the Code  55
a. Combined Contracts  55
b. Mixed Contracts  55
Bibliography  56
Chapter 2
TURKISH PROPERTY LAW
 Prof. Dr. Ümit GEZDER  57
I. Generally  57
A. Property right  57
II. Immovable Property  57
III. Real Rights (Rights in Rem)  58
A. Limited rights in rem  58
1. Servitudes  58
2. Real burdens  58
a. Lien  58
b. Mortgage  59
IV. Possession  59
V. Land Register  59
A. Generally  59
B. The role of registration in the transfer of title  59
1. Introduction  59
2. Relevant Turkish rules  60
3. The publicity principle and the registration principle  61
a. The Absolute Registration Principle (absolutes Eintragungsprinzip)  62
(1) Generally  62
(2) Nature and meaning of this principle  64
(3) The reason for the absolute registration principle  64
(4) Transfer of ownership of real estate through land registration (the field of application of the absolute registration principle)  64
(a) Generally  64
(b) Elements of the transfer  65
b. The relative registration principle (relativen Eintragungsprinzips)  72
4. Conclusion  72
Bibliography  74
Chapter 3
SELECTED CONTRACTS IN TURKISH LAW OF OBLIGATIONS
 Res. Asst. Hasanali AKAY, Res. Asst. Murat UÇAK  77
SECTION I CONTRACT FOR WORK AND SERVICES  77
I. General  77
II. Definition  77
III. Obligations of the Contractor  78
A. Duty of Care  78
B. Duty of Loyalty  79
C. Obligation Regarding the Material  79
D. Commencement of the Work and Performance of the Work Related with the Contract  80
E. Liability for Defect  81
IV. Obligations of the Customer  82
A. Payment  82
1. Due Date for Payment  82
2. Lump Sum Price  82
3. Price Ad Valorem  83
V. Termination of the Contract  83
A. Exceeding the Approximate Price (Art. 482 CO)  83
B. Destruction of the Work (Art. 483 CO)  84
C. Withdrawal in Return for Indemnity (Art. 484 CO)  84
D. Impossibility of the Performance of the Work Because of the Customer
(Art. 485 CO)  84
E. DeathIncapacity of the Contractor (Art. 486 CO)  85
SECTION II GENERAL EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTS  85
I. Definition  85
II. Elements of the Employment Contract  85
A. Obligation to Work  85
B. To Undertake the Performance of the Work for a LimitedUnlimited Period  86
C. Payment  86
D. Dependency Relation  86
E. Agreement  87
III. Obligations of the Employee  87
A. Duty to Assume the Tasks in Person  87
B. Compliance with General Directives and Instructions  88
C. Duty of Care  88
D. Duty of Loyalty  89
E. Disclosure and Handing Over of Benefits Received and of the Work Produced  90
F. Duty to Work Overtime  90
IV. Obligations of the Employer  90
A. Payment of Wages  90
B. Obligation to Provide Tools and Material  91
C. Obligation to Bear the Expenses  91
D. Obligation of the Employer Related to the Protection of the Employee’s Personality Rights  92
E. Obligation to Comply with the Employee’s Right to Holiday and Leave  93
V. Termination of the Employment Contract  93
A. Termination of the Fixed–Term Employment Contract  93
B. Termination of the Employment Contract with Indefinite Term  94
C. Rightful Termination of the Employment Contract  94
D. Termination of the Employment Contract Upon Death  95
SECTION III LEASE CONTRACT  95
I. Definition and Parties of the Lease  96
II. Term of the Lease  96
III. Obligations of the LandlordLessor  96
VI. Obligations of the LesseeTenant  98
V. Special Cases  99
VI. End of Lease  100
VII. Provisions Related to Commercial and Residential Premises  101
SECTION IV CONTRACT OF MANDATE  105
I. Definition and Scope of Application  105
II. Obligations of the Mandatary  106
III. Obligations of the Mandator  107
IV. Termination of the Mandate  107
Bibliography  108
Chapter 4
TURKISH INDIVIDUAL LABOUR LAW
 Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Res. Asst. Ömer UĞUR  109
SECTION I GENERAL  109
I. Basic Concepts of Individual Labour Law  109
A. Employee  109
B. Employer  110
C. Apprentice (Çırak)  111
D. Intern (Stajyer)  111
E. Contract of Employment (İş Sözleşmesi)  112
II. Scope of the Labour Code  112
A. Works within the Scope of the Labour Code  112
B. Works outside the Scope of the Labour Code  113
SECTION II TYPES OF CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT  115
I. General  115
II. Transitory and Permanent Contract of Employment  115
A. Transitory Contract of Employment (Süreksiz İş Sözleşmesi)  116
B. Permanent Contract of Employment (Sürekli İş Sözleşmesi)  116
C. Consequences of the Distinction between Transitory and Permanent Contract of Employment  116
III. Contract of Employment with Indefinite Term and Definite Term  116
A. Contract of Employment with an Indefinite Term (Belirsiz Süreli İş Sözleşmesi)  117
B. Contract of Employment with a Definite Term (Belirli Süreli İş Sözleşmesi)  117
1. Legal ments of the Contract of Employment with a Definite Term  117
IV. Part Time and Full Time Contract of Employment  118
V. Contract of Employment with Trial Period (Deneme Süreli İş Sözleşmesi)  119
SECTION III TERMINATION OF THE CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT  120
I. Situations Resulting in the Termination of the Contract of Employment  120
A. Mutual Rescission (İkale)  120
B. End of the Fixed Term  120
C. Death  121
II. Termination of the Contract of Employment upon Notice (İş Sözleşmesinin Bildirimli Feshi)  121
A. General  121
B. Termination Notice Periods (Fesih Bildirim Süreleri)  122
III. Termination of the Contract of Employment upon Notice that Contains a Valid Ground (İş Sözleşmesinin Geçerli Nedenle Feshi)  123
A. General  123
B. Valid Grounds for Termination  123
IV. Rightful Termination of the Contract of Employment (İş Sözleşmesinin Haklı Nedenle Feshi)  124
A. General  124
B. Termination of the Contract by Employees  125
1. Health issues  125
2. Situations that are against the moral rules and good faith  125
3. Act of providence  126
C. Termination of the Contract by Employers  126
1. Health issues  126
2. Situations that are against the moral rules and good faith  127
3. Act of providence  128
4. Absence due to an arrestdetention  128
V. Results of the Termination of the Contract of Employment  129
A. Severance Pay (Kıdem Tazminatı)  129
B. Pay in Lieu of Notice (İhbar Tazminatı)  130
C. Payment of Annual Paid Leave (Yıllık Ücretli İzin Ücreti)  130
D. Reemployment Lawsuit (İşe İade Davası)  131
SECTION IV LABOUR JUDICIARY  131
I. General  131
II. Competence and Venue  132
A. Competence (Görev)  132
B. Venue (Yetki)  132
III. Procedure  133
A. Mandatory Mediation (Zorunlu Arabuluculuk)  133
B. Trials (Yargılama)  133
Bibliography  135
Chapter 5
TURKISH COLLECTIVE LABOUR LAW
  Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Res. Asst. Muhammed İsmail ÇEKİÇ,
Res. Asst. Didem YALÇINTAŞ  137
SECTION I UNIONS  138
I. The Concept of Union and Its Structure  138
A. Definition and Features of Unions  138
B. Formation of Unions  139
C. Membership of Unions  140
D. Organs of Unions  141
II. Trade Union Freedom  142
A. Trade Union Freedom and Its Features  142
B. Protection of Trade Union Freedom  143
1. Safeguards Provided for Workers’ Organization Officials (İşçi Kuruluşu Yöneticiliğinin Güvencesi)  143
2. Protection of Shop Stewards (İşyeri Sendika Temsilciliğinin Güvencesi)  144
3. Safeguards Provided for Trade Union Membership  145
SECTION II COLLECTIVE LABOUR AGREEMENT  145
I. Definition and Properties of Collective Labour Agreements  145
II. Types of Collective Labour Agreements  146
A. Workplace Collective Labour Agreement  147
B. Group Collective Labour Agreement  147
C. Enterprise Collective Labour Agreement  147
D. Framework Agreement  147
III. Capacity and Competence to Conclude a Collective Labour Agreement  148
IV. Collective Bargaining Process (Toplu Görüşme Süreci)  149
A. Invitation to Collective Bargaining  149
B. Negotiations  150
V. Strikes, Lock–Outs and Their Exceptions  151
A. Decision to StrikeLock–out  151
B. Strike Ballot  152
C. Prohibition and Suspension of Strikes and Lock–Outs  153
D. Execution of Strikes and Lock–Outs  154
E. Effects of Lawful StrikesLock–Outs on Individual Employment Contracts  154
F. Consequences of an Unlawful StrikeLock–Out  155
G. Termination of Strikes and Lock–Outs  155
Bibliography  157
Chapter 6
TURKISH SOCIAL SECURITY LAW
 Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Res. Asst. Ebru KARABACAK  159
SECTION I INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL SECURITY LAW  159
I. Concept of Social Insurance  159
II. Models Affecting Social Security Perception  160
A. The Bismarck Model  160
B. Beveridge Model  161
C. Private Insurance Model  161
III. Techniques Used For Social Insurance  161
IV. Attributes of Social Insurance  162
V. The Social Insurance Institution  162
VI. Financing of Social Security  163
SECTION II FIELD OF APPLICATION OF SOCIAL INSURANCES  166
I. Field of Application in Terms of Persons  166
A. Individuals Who Are Deemed to be Insured  166
1. Insurance of Individuals Working Dependently  166
2. Insurance of Independent Workers  169
3. Insurance of Public Servants  170
4. Insurance of Foreigners  171
B. Insurance Holders Who Are Deemed Partly Insured  172
C. Individuals Who Are Not Deemed to be Insurance Holders  175
II. Notification of the Beginning of Insurance  176
III. Determination of Insurance by Judicial Decision (Service Detection Actions)  179
IV. Overlap of Insurance Situations  180
V. Consolidation of Insurance Periods  181
VI. Voluntary Insurance  182
A. General  182
B. ments for Voluntary Insurance  183
C. Principles of Voluntary Insurance  184
D. Termination of Voluntary Insurance  184
VII. Scope of Application in Terms of Location  184
SECTION III TYPES OF SOCIAL INSURANCE  185
I. Work Accident and Occupational Disease Insurance  185
II. Illness Insurance  189
III. Maternity Insurance  189
IV. Invalidity Insurance  190
V. Old–Age Insurance  191
VI. Survivors’ Insurance  192
VII. Unemployment Insurance  192
VIII. General Health Insurance  193
SECTION IV RIGHT OF RECOURSE IN SOCIAL SECURITY LAW  193
SECTION V SERVICE OWING  195
I. Periods That Can Be Owed  196
A. Unpaid Maternity Leave Periods and Postnatal Periods  197
B. Military Service Period  198
C. Incomplete Periods of Those Who Work Under a Part–Time Employment Contract  198
II. Principles  199
III. Owing Services Abroad  199
SECTION VI SOCIAL ASSISTANCE AND SERVICES  200
I. Social Assistance  200
II. Social Services  201
III. Nongovernmental Organizations and Social Security  201
SECTION VII PRIVATE PENSION SYSTEM  202
Bibliography  204
Chapter 7
TURKISH LAW ON OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
 Prof. Dr. M. Refik KORKUSUZ, Asst. Prof. Dr. M. Halit KORKUSUZ  207
SECTION I TASKS OF THE STATE  207
I. Importance of Ensuring Occupational Health and Safety  207
II. Constitutional Basis of Occupational Health and Safety  207
III. Occupational Health and Safety Regulations  208
IV. National Council of Occupational Health and Safety  208
V. Insurance Premium Reinforcement System  208
VI. Inspection of Occupational Health and Safety  208
SECTION II EMPLOYERS’ DUTIES AND ORGANIZATION OF THE WORKSITE  209
I. Employers’ Duties  209
A. Duty to Take All Necessary Precautions  209
B. Duty to Supervise  209
C. Duty of Training and Informing  209
D. Duty to Perform Risk Assessment  210
E. Duty to Perform Healthcare Supervision  210
F. Duty to Report Work Accident and Record Keeping  211
G. Other Duties  211
II. Organization of the Worksite about Occupational Health and Safety  211
A. Committee of Occupational Health and Safety (İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği Kurulu)  211
B. Occupational Safety Experts (İş Güvenliği Uzmanları)  212
C. Occupational Physicians (İşyeri Hekimleri)  212
D. Worksite Health and Safety Unit (İşyeri Sağlık ve Güvenlik Birimi) and Health and Safety Joint Unit (Ortak Sağlık ve Güvenlik Birimi)  213
SECTION III EMPLOYEES’ RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS  213
I. Employees’ Rights  213
A. Right to Abstain from Work  214
B. Right to Participate  215
C. Right to File a Complaint to Administrative Authorities (İhbar Hakkı)  215
D. Right to Terminate the Employment Contract with Valid Reason  216
II. Employees’ Duties  216
SECTION IV OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY SANCTIONS  217
I. Administrative Sanctions  218
A. Administrative Fines  218
B. Suspension of the work  218
C. Disqualification from tendering  218
II. Penal Sanctions  219
III. Legal Sanctions  219
Bibliography  220
Chapter 8
LAW OF COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE
 Res. Asst. Emin ÇAMURCU  221
SECTION I COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE  221
I. Elements of Commercial Enterprise  222
A. Aiming to Produce an Income Higher Than the Artisan Enterprise  222
B. Continuity  222
C. Independence  222
II. Contracts Related with Commercial Enterprises  223
SECTION II NOTIONS RELATED TO COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE  223
I. Merchant  223
A. Identifying a Merchant  224
1. Natural Persons  224
2. Legal Persons  224
B. Consequences of Being a Merchant  225
1. Bankruptcy  225
2. Role of Commercial Usage and Custom  225
3. Impossibility to Request Reduction of the FeeContractual Penalty  226
4. Right to Demand Payment of a Remuneration and Interest  226
II. Commercial Affair (Ticari İş)  226
A. Presumption of Commercial Affair  227
B. Consequences of Qualifying an Affair as Commercial Affair  228
1. Presumption of Joint Liability  228
2. Interest in Commercial Affairs  228
3. Statute of Limitation Periods in Commercial Affairs  229
III. Commercial Clauses  229
IV. Merchant Assistants  231
A. Commercial Representative (Ticari Temsilci)  231
B. Commercial Delegate (Ticari Vekil)  232
C. Agent (Acente)  233
Bibliography  236
Chapter 9
TURKISH COMPANY LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ferna İPEKEL KAYALI  237
SECTION I OVERVIEW OF COMPANY LAW IN TURKEY  237
I. General  237
II. Commercial Companies  238
SECTION II CAPITAL COMPANIES  239
I. Joint Stock Companies  239
A. General Assembly  240
B. Board of Directors  245
C. Shareholders’ Rights  248
1. Personal Rights of the Shareholders  248
a. Right of participation in the GM:  248
b. Right to vote:  248
c. Right to information and examination:  248
d. Right to request the appointment of special audit:  249
e. Right to request the nullity of GM resolutions:  250
2. Financial Rights of the Shareholders  250
D. Share Transfer  250
II. Limited Liability Companies  251
A. General Assembly  252
B. Directors  255
C. Share Transfer  256
Bibliography  257
Chapter 10
TURKISH LAW OF NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS
 Res. Asst. Hasan Onur AKAY  259
SECTION I GENERAL  259
I. Definition and Legislation  259
II. Elements and Characteristics of Negotiable Instruments  260
A. Elements of Negotiable Instruments  260
B. Characteristics of Negotiable Instruments  261
III. Classification of Negotiable Instruments  261
A. Classification Based on the Right Embodied in the Instrument  261
1. Instruments Embodying a Monetary Claim (Alacak Senetleri)  261
2. Commodity Instruments (Emtia Senetleri)  262
3. Equity/Share Instruments (Pay Senetleri)  262
4. Instruments That Serve to Participate in Capital Companies (Ortaklığa Katılma Senetleri)  262
5. Combined Instruments (Karma Nitelikli Senetler)  262
B. Classification Based on the Transfer Procedure of the Instrument  262
1. Registered Negotiable Instruments (Nama Yazılı Kıymetli Evrak)  263
2. Negotiable Instruments Payable to Order (Emre Yazılı Kıymetli Evrak)  263
3. Negotiable Instruments Payable to Bearer (Hamile/Hamiline Yazılı Kıymetli Evrak)  263
SECTION II COMMERCIAL PAPERS  264
I. General  264
II. Bills of Exchange  264
A. Form of a Bill of Exchange  264
B. Transfer of Bills of Exchange  266
C. Acceptance (Kabul)  268
D. Recourse for Non–AcceptanceNon–Payment  268
E. Period of Limitation  269
III. Promissory Notes  269
A. General  269
B. Form of a Promissory Note  269
C. Period of Limitation  270
IV. Checks  270
A. General  270
B. Form of a Check  271
C. Period of Presentation  272
D. Transfer of Checks  273
E. Recourse for Non–AcceptanceNon–Payment  274
F. Period of Limitation  274
Bibliography  275
Chapter 11
TURKISH MARITIME LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hacı KARA  277
SECTION I SOURCES OF TURKISH MARITIME LAW AND THE STRUCTURE MARITIME ADMINISTRATION  277
I. Sources of Turkish Maritime Law  277
A. Turkish Commercial Code  277
B. International Conventions  278
C. Other National Legislation  279
II. The Structure of Turkish Maritime Administration  280
SECTION II SHIP AND OWNERSHIP OF A SHIP  282
I. Definition and Legal Nature of a Ship  282
B. The Legal Nature of a Ship  283
C. Some Elements Determining the Identity of a Ship  284
1. Name of the Ship  284
2. Flag of the Ship  284
a. General  284
b. Vessels which have the right to hoist a Turkish flag  285
ba. Ships owned by real persons  285
bb. Ships owned by the association of ship owners  285
bba. Ships owned legal entities  285
bbb. Ships owned by commercial companies  285
c. Temporary hoisting of a foreign flag by Turkish vessels  286
d. Temporary hoisting of a Turkish flag by foreign vessels  286
3. Ship’s (Vessel’s) Home Port  286
4. Ship’s Tonnage  287
5. Ship’s Class  287
6. Ship Registry  287
a. National Ship Registry  287
aa. Ship Registry Directorate  288
ab. Scope of the Registry  288
aba. Ships which can lawfully be registered with the Ship Registry  288
abb. Ships which cannot be registered with the Ship Registry  289
b. Registry for Ships under Construction  289
c. Turkish International Ship Registry (TISR)  289
ca. ments to register in the TISR  289
cb. Financial rules Relating to TISR  290
cba. Dues regarding vessels registered with the TISR  290
cbb. Financial facilities provided to vessels registered with the TISR  291
d. Mooring Log  292
II. Ownership of a Vessel  292
A. Exercitor Navis (Donatan)  293
1. Cases Which Result in the Liability of the Owner  293
a. Owner’s Liability Arising from the Fault of the Crew Members  293
b. Owner’s Liability Arising from the Transactions Carried out by the Master  293
c. Limitation of the Master’s Liability  293
2. Owner’s Liability for Tortious Acts  293
3. Authorized Court for Actions to Be Filed Against the Owner  293
B. Ship Operator (Disponent Owner)  294
C. Partnership Operating a Ship (Joint Ownership)  294
SECTION III MASTER  294
I. General  294
II. Master’s Duties  294
III. Master’s Powers  296
A. To Represent the Owner  296
1. When the Ship is at the Home Port  296
2. Whilst the Ship is Outside the Home Port  296
B. Credit Transactions  296
C. Undertaking for Foreign Exchanges  297
D. LimitationsRemoval of the Master’s Power of Representation  297
E. Master’s Power to Represent the Persons Interested with the Cargo  297
1. Duty to Protect the Interests of the Persons Interested with the Cargo  297
2. Master’s Power to Dispose of the Goods  298
IV. Master’s Duties and Rights  298
A. Duties Against Third Parties  298
B. Duties Against the Owner  298
1. Duty to Give Information to the Owner  298
2. Duty to Hand Over the Freight and Other Sums to the Owner  299
3. Prohibition to Load Cargo on His Own Account  299
SECTION IV MARITIME TRADE CONTRACTS  299
I. Bareboat Charter Party  299
A. Definition and Its Elements  300
1. Definition  300
2. Elements of the Definition  300
B. Provisions of the Bareboat Charter  300
1. Rights of the Charterer  300
a. Right to use the ship  300
b. Right to request the registration of the charter in the ship registry  301
c. Right to request the delivery of the chartered vessel  301
2. Obligations of the Charterer  301
a. Obligation to pay the rent  301
b. Employment of the seamen  301
c. Reimbursement of the expenditures  301
d. Insurance  302
e. Claims arising from the operation of the ship  302
f. Re–delivery of the vessel  302
II. Time Charter Party  302
A. Definition and Its Elements  302
1. Definition  302
2. Elements of the Definition  302
B. Rights and Obligations of the Parties  303
1. To undertake the technical management of the ship  303
2. Commercial management of the ship  303
3. To meet the outgoings  303
C. Obligation to pay a fee and its guarantee  303
D. Liability of the allocated party and his obligation to deliver the ship  304
III. Contract of Affreightment  304
A. Definition and Types of Affreightment Contracts  304
1. Definition  304
2. Types  305
a. Voyage Charter  305
aa. Full Charter  305
ab. Partial Charter  305
b. Contracts in Liner Shipping  305
B. Main Freight Contracts and Sub–Freight Contracts  305
C. Parties to the Affreightment Contract  306
1. Carrier  306
2. Charterer  306
D. Other Persons Interested with the Cargo  307
1. Shipper  307
2. Consignee (Receiver)  307
E. Execution of the Carriage and Its Phases  307
1. Loading  307
a. Loading Place  308
b. Loading Period  308
ba. Calculation of the Loading Period  308
bb. Cases which are not accepted as loading period  308
c. Demurrage Period  308
d. Loading Expenses  309
2. Discharge  309
a. Discharge Expenses  309
b. Discharge Period  309
c. Non–discharge of the cargo  310
F. Liability of the Carrier  310
1. Liability for the Irregularities Occurred at the Outset  310
2. Liability of the Carrier for Loss ofDamage to Cargofor Late Delivery  311
3. Special Situations  311
a. Loading the cargo to another ship and transhipment  311
b. Loading onto deck without permission  312
c. Unjust deviation  312
4. Duration for Which the Carrier is Liable  312
G. Carriage Documents  312
1. Bill of Lading (B/L)  313
2. Sea Waybill  313
H. Duration for Acceptance of Delay and the Loss of Goods  313
IV. Contract of Carriage of Passengers  313
A. Definitions  314
1. Contract of Carriage of Passengers by Sea  314
2. Carrier and Actual Carrier  314
3. Passenger  314
4. Baggage  314
5. Defects of the Ship  315
B. Time Bar  315
SECTION V MARINE ACCIDENTS  315
I. General Average  315
A. Definitions and Its Elements  315
1. Definition  315
2. Elements of General Average  316
B. Substitution Expenses  316
C. Dispatch  317
1. The person responsible for making the dispatch  317
2. Determination of the Dispatcher  317
3. Opposition to the dispatch  317
D. Debtors of the Dispatch Shares and Security  318
1. Debtors of the Dispatch Shares  318
2. Guarantee  318
E. Time Bar  318
II. Collision  318
A. Definition of Collision and Its Types  319
1. Definition  319
2. Types of Collision  319
a. Collision without fault  319
b. Collision by fault  319
ba. Collision by unilateral fault  319
bb. Collision by bilateral fault  319
c. Comparative Collision  320
B. Damages to Be Indemnified as a Result of Collision  320
1. Material Damages  320
2. Bodily Damages  320
C. Time Bar  321
III. Salvage  321
A. Definitions  321
1. Salvage Operation  321
2. Water Vehicle  322
3. Goods  322
B. Salvage Contract  322
1. Salvage Contract and its Scope  322
2. The Provisions Which Could Not Be Changed  322
C. Obligations of the Parties  323
1. Obligations of the Salvor  323
2. Obligations of the Ownerthe Master of the Ship Under Danger and the Cargo Owners  323
D. Salvage Fee  323
1. Scope of the Salvage Fee  323
2. Criteria for the Determination of the Salvage Fee  324
3. Persons Liable for Salvage Fee  325
E. Time Bar  325
SECTION VI MARITIME LIENS AND ENFORCEMENT  325
I. Maritime Liens  325
A. Notion of Maritime Lien  326
B. Claims Granting a Right of Maritime Lien  327
II. Maritime Enforcement  327
A. Maritime Claims  327
B. Taking Maritime Claims under Guarantee  329
1. Precautionary Attachment  329
2. Conditions Applicable to the Precautionary Attachment  330
C. Competent Court  330
1. About the precautionary attachment decision  330
a. Before filing a lawsuit  330
aa. For Turkish flag vessels  330
ab. For foreign flag vessels  330
b. After filing a lawsuit  331
2. About the Oppositions to the Lien  331
3. About the Enforcement  331
4. About the Indemnity Action filed due to Unjust Precautionary Attachment  331
D. The Claimant’s Guarantee  332
SECTION VII LIMITATION OF LIABILITY AND COMPENSATION OF LOSSES ARISING FROM OIL POLLUTION  332
I. Liability For Sea Pollution  332
II. Limitation of Liability  333
Bibliography  334
Chapter 12
TURKISH INSURANCE LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. M. Barış GÜNAY, Res. Asst. Sena YAZICI  337
SECTION I INTRODUCTION  337
SECTION II THE INSURANCE ACT (LAW NO. 5684)  338
I. Insurance and Reinsurance Companies (Sigorta ve Reasürans Şirketleri)  338
II. Intermediaries (Sigorta Aracıları)  339
III. Supervision  340
IV. Assurance Account (Güvence Hesabı)  340
V. Insurance Arbitration Scheme (Sigorta Tahkim Sistemi)  340
SECTION III INSURANCE CONTRACTS  342
I. General Provisions  342
A. Obligations and Duties of the Insurer  343
1. Obligation to carry the risk  343
2. Pre–contractual information duty  344
3. Obligation to issue and deliver policy  345
4. Obligation to pay expenses  345
5. Obligation to pay indemnity  345
B. Obligations and Duties of the Insured  346
1. Obligation to pay premium  346
2. Duty of disclosure  346
3. Duty to Provide Information and to Allow Investigation  347
4. Duty to Prevent LossIncrease in Loss  348
II. Special Provisions  348
A. Indemnity Insurances (Zarar Sigortaları)  349
1. Property Insurance (Mal Sigortası)  349
2. Liability Insurance (Sorumluluk Sigortası)  350
B. Personal Insurances (Can Sigortaları)  351
1. Life Insurance (Hayat Sigortası)  351
2. Accident Insurance (Kaza Sigortası)  352
3. Sickness Insurance and Health Insurance (Hastalık ve Sağlık Sigortası)  352
Bibliography  353
Chapter 13
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW
 Asst. Prof. Dr. Özgür ARIKAN  355
SECTION 1 TRADE MARK LAW  356
I. Definition and Registrability of Trade Mark  357
II. Persons Who Are Entitled to Protection  358
III. Functions of Trade Mark  358
IV. Registration of Trade Mark  359
V. Absolute and Relative Grounds for Refusal  360
VI. Trade Mark Protection  363
VII. Duration of Trade Mark Registration  365
SECTION 2 PATENT LAW  365
I. Patentability  366
II. Registration, Grant and Ownership of Patent  367
III. Employee Inventions  368
IV. Duration  370
V. Protection of Patent  370
SECTION 3 DESIGN LAW  371
I. Definition and Registrability of Design  371
II. Protection of Design  372
III. Duration of Design Protection  373
IV. Right to the Design and Employee Designs  373
Bibliography  374
Chapter 14
TURKISH COMPETITION LAW
 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ferna İPEKEL KAYALI  375
I. General  375
A. Competition Authority  375
1. Competition Board  376
2. Legal Nature and Judicial Review of the Decisions of the Competition Board  377
B. Sources of Competition Law  377
C. Relationship Between Competition Law and Unfair Competition  377
II. Agreements, Decisions and Concerted Practices Restricting Competition  378
A. Agreements, Concerted Practices and Decisions of Associations of Undertakings  379
1. Agreement  379
2. Concerted Practice  380
3. Decision of an Association of Undertakings  381
a. Association of Undertakings  381
b. Decision of an Association of Undertakings  381
B. Examples of Anti–Competitive Agreements  382
C. Exemption  383
III. Abuse of Dominant Position  385
A. Dominant Position  385
B. Examples of Abuse of Dominant Position  386
IV. Mergers and Acquisitions  387
A. Transactions Treated as Mergers and Acquisitions  387
1. Mergers  387
2. Acquisitions  388
3. Joint Ventures  390
a. Full–Function Joint Ventures  391
b. Non Full–Function Joint Ventures  392
B. Authorization System  392
V. Private Enforcement of Competition Law  393
Bibliography  398
Chapter 15
TURKISH CIVIL PROCEDURE LAW
 Res. Asst. Elif Irmak BÜYÜK  401
I. General  401
II. Competence and Venue: Where to Commence an Action  402
A. Jurisdictional Branches and Court Organization  402
B. Competence and Venue  403
III. Lawsuit  405
A. General  405
B. Parties  406
C. Phases of a Lawsuit  407
1. Exchange of Petitions (Pleading) Phase (Dilekçeler Aşaması)  407
2. Preliminary Investigation Phase (Ön İnceleme Aşaması)  409
3. Investigation Phase (Tahkikat)  410
a. Evidence  410
4. Oral Hearings and Rendering of the Verdict (Sözlü Yargılama ve Hükmün Verilmesi)  412
IV. Interim Measures (Geçici Hukuki Korumalar)  413
V. Legal Avenues (Kanun Yolu)  414
A. General  414
B. Appeal Procedure in the CCP No 6100  416
C. Appeal Procedure in the –former– CCP No 1086  419
VI. Arbitration  420
A. General  420
B. Arbitration Agreement  421
1. General  421
2. Written Form  422
3. Subject  422
C. Effect of the Arbitration Agreement  422
D. Arbitration Procedure  422
1. Commencing of Arbitration  422
2. Term of Arbitration  423
3. Termination of the Arbitration Proceeding  423
E. Action for Annulment  424
VII. Mediation  425
A. General  425
B. Scope of the Law on Mediation in Civil Disputes  426
C. Basic Principles  426
1. Voluntary Participation and Equality  426
2. Confidentiality  427
3. Inability to Use Statements and Documents  427
D. Mediation Activity  427
E. Completion of Mediation  430
F. Enforceability  430
G. Mandatory Mediation in Turkish Labour Law  431
Bibliography  432
Chapter 16
TURKISH EXECUTION LAW
 Nefise Gökçen GÜRCAN, Res. Asst. Çağatay Serdar ŞAHİN  435
SECTION I GENERAL FEATURES OF EXECUTION LAW  435
I. Introduction  435
II. Scope of Application  436
III. Basic Concepts and Organization of Turkish Execution Law  437
A. Credit–Debt and Creditor–Debtor in the EBC  437
B. Executive Organization  437
1. Execution Offices (Art. 1 EBC) (İcra Daireleri)  438
2. Execution Courts (Art. 4 EBC) (İcra Mahkemeleri)  438
3. Relevant Chambers of the Supreme Court  439
IV. Complaint Procedure (Art. 16 – 18 EBC) (Şikâyet)  440
A. Legal Character and Function of the Complaint Procedure  440
B. Grounds for Complaint  441
1. Unlawfulness of the Actions of Execution Offices  441
2. Inappropriateness of the Act to the Circumstances  441
3. Failure to Implement a Right  442
4. Impediment of Observance of a Right Without a Cause  442
C. Procedure  442
1. Limitation Period  442
2. Competence and Venue  443
SECTION II TYPES AND STAGES OF EXECUTION PROCEEDINGS  443
I. Types of Execution Proceedings  443
A. General  443
B. General Attachment Procedure (Art. 46–144 EBC) (Genel Haciz Yoluyla Takip)  444
1. Request for Execution (Art. 58 EBC) (Takip Talebi)  445
2. Order of Payment (Art. 60–61 EBC) (Ödeme Emri)  445
3. Attachment (Art. 78 et seq. EBC)  446
4. Sale of the Attached Goods (Art. 106–137 EBC)  447
5. Reimbursement of the Creditor (Art. 138–144/a EBC)  448
II. Provisional Attachment Procedure (İhtiyati Haciz)  448
A. General  448
B. Definition and Legal Character of Provisional Attachment  448
C. Conditions of Provisional Attachment  449
1. Provisional Attachment for Due Debts  449
2. Provisional Attachment for Deferred Debts  449
D. Procedure  450
Bibliography  452
Chapter 17
TURKISH BANKRUPTCY AND INSOLVENCY LAW
 Res. Asst. Mehmet Akif GÜL  453
SECTION I TURKISH BANKRUPTCY LAW  453
I. General  453
II. Bankruptcy Bodies  454
A. Official Bodies  454
1. Fundamental Official Bodies  455
a. Execution Office  455
b. Bankruptcy Office  455
c. Execution Court  455
d. Commercial Court of First Instance  456
e. Court of Appeal  456
2. Subsidiary Official Bodies  456
B. Non–Official Bodies  456
III. Grounds for Bankruptcy  456
SECTION II TURKISH INSOLVENCY LAW  459
I. Postponement of Bankruptcy (İflâsın Ertelenmesi)  459
A. Grounds for Postponement of Bankruptcy  460
1. Procedural Grounds  460
a. Declaration of Over–indebtedness  460
b. Request for Postponement of Bankruptcy  461
c. Submission of the Balance–Sheet  461
d. Submission of the Rehabilitation Project  461
e. Payment of the Costs in Advance  461
f. Not to Have Availed of the Extraordinary Grace Period (Fevkalâde Mühlet)  462
2. Substantive Grounds  462
a. Over–indebtedness  462
b. Hope to Ensure the Continuance of the Company  462
c. Protection of Creditors’ Rights  462
II. Reorganisation (Konkordato)  463
A. Ordinary Reorganisation (Adî Konkordato)  463
1. Reorganisation outside Bankruptcy (İflâs Dışı Konkordato)  463
a. Reorganisation Proposal  464
b. Examination of the Reorganisation Proposal  464
c. Respite for Concordat  464
d. Results of the Respite for Concordat  464
e. Annulment of the Respite for Concordat  465
f. Creditors’ Meeting  465
g. Approval of the Reorganisation Project  466
h. Annulment of the Reorganisation Project  467
2. Reorganisation within Bankruptcy (İflâs İçi Konkordato)  467
B. Reorganisation by way of Abandonment of the Debtor’s Assets (Malvarlığının Terki Suretiyle Konkordato)  468
III. Restructuring of Capital Stock Companies and Cooperatives by Way of Conciliation (Sermaye Şirketleri ve Kooperatiflerin Uzlaşma Yoluyla Yeniden Yapılandırılması)  469
SECTION III ACTION FOR RESCISSION OF DISPOSITION – ACTIO PAULIANA (TASARRUFUN İPTALI DAVASI)  471
Bibliography  473
Chapter 18
TURKISH PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW
 Res. Asst. Kazım ÇINAR  475
SECTION I GENERAL INTRODUCTION  475
SECTION II CONFLICT OF LAWS  476
I. General Issues  476
A. Classification  476
B. Renvoi  477
C. Application of Foreign Law  477
D. Exceptions to Competent Foreign Law  478
II. Conflict of Law Provisions  479
A. Form of Transaction and Statute of Limitation  479
B. Law of Persons and Family Law  479
C. Inheritance Law  480
D. Property Law  480
E. Law of Obligations  481
SECTION III INTERNATIONAL PROCEDURAL LAW  482
I. Jurisdictional Immunity  482
II. International Jurisdiction of Turkish Courts  483
III. Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments  485
IV. International Arbitration  489
SECTION IV TURKISH CITIZENSHIP LAW  492
I. General  492
II. Acquisition of Turkish Citizenship  492
III. Loss of Turkish Citizenship  494
A. Loss of Turkish citizenship by decision of the competent authority  495
B. Loss of Turkish Citizenship by the use of the right of choice  496
SECTION V LAW OF FOREIGNERS  497
I. General  497
II. Residence Permit  498
III. Work Permit  499
IV. Possession of Land in Turkey  503
Bibliography  504
 


 
Kitap
Bülten
Kitap
Kitap
İndirimli Kitaplar
 
 
Ana Sayfa | Uluslararası Yayınevi Belgesi | Hakkımızda | Bülten | Gizlilik ve Çerez Sözleşmesi | Üye Sayfası | Yardım | İletişim

Seçkin Yayıncılık San. Tic. A.Ş.
Copyright © 1996 - 2020